Breath Training * Respiratory Biofeedback *
Cardiovascular Biofeedback *
Respiratory Sinus Arhythmia / RSA Training *
Heart Rate Variability HRV Training
Call it any of the above-- the use of breath-driven heart rate training is hot!! And for good reason. The medical reserach on heart rate variability is solid and deep. The twist biofeedback adds is self regulation.
Respiratory Sinus Arhythmia (RSA) Biofeedback Training was developed in Russia, by Alexander Smetankin's Biosvyaz-- a private company allowed to incorporate before the break-up of the former Soviet Union. The deal they made with the communist leaders was th ey had to open a free clinic in Leningrad (now St. Petersberg) for children. The main biofeeback modality they offered was RSA training.
Articles & resources on RSA, HRV
Heartsounds Ankit Chander, an engineering science major at Penn State, has studied heart rate variability since last summer. "What is interesting," he says, "is that this field, on numerous occasions, has been shown to be a significant indicator of health. The first time this was recognized was in 1965, when two obstetricians realized that fetal mortality was highly cor-related with how metronome-like the fetus's heart rate was. The more metronome-like it was, the less likely the fetus was to make it. So when you" -he takes a deep breath and taps on his chest -"feel that in-crease, that shows the health of your autonomic nervous system."
First Virtual Congress on Heart Rate Variability This site contains publications and presentations of all participants of the First Virtual Congress of Heart Rate Variability that took place in Internet from September 10th to November 10th 2001.
Heart Rate Variability "RSA is the natural cycle of arrhythmia that occurs through the influence of breathing on the flow of sympathetic and vagus impulses to the sinoatrial node." Dr. Robert Nolan
Heart Rate Variability: An exploration of the Autonomic Nervous System integrating HRV in counseling and healing
CLINICAL APPLICATIONS OF HEART RATE VARIABILITY, Robert E. Kleiger, M.D., Washington University in St. Louis, School of Medicine
Heart Rate Variability as Predictor of Survival Post Heart Attack a report from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Research Network on Socioeconomic Status and Health
Heart rate variability and baroreflex sensitivity in subjects without heart disease; Effects of age, sex and cardiovascular risk factors Sirkku Pikkujämsä
HRV info for Doctors (from an Australian Doctor's web site.)